Comets in 2014

During 2014 there will be 73 comets  passing their perihelion (data from JPL Horizons). This table lists all these comets, including the date of their perihelion passage and the expected maximum brightness in 2014 (estimated total magnitude).

All the comets which are expected to become brighter than magnitude 16 during 2014 have been added to TheSkyLive.com, so it’s now possible to track them, compute ephemerides and visualize their predicted light curve. Those comets are linked directly in the table below.

Comets passing perihelion in 2014

Comet Name
Perihelion Date
Min Magnitude in 2014
87P/Bus7-Jan-201418.45
293P/Spacewatch9-Jan-201418.24
P/2007 R2 (Gibbs)11-Jan-201422.68
C/2013 H2 (Boattini)23-Jan-201418.40
129P/Shoemaker-Levy 36-Feb-201419.76
P/2013 N3 (PANSTARRS)11-Feb-201420.10
169P/NEAT12-Feb-201411.70
292P/Li13-Feb-201416.62
C/2013 P2 (PANSTARRS)17-Feb-201418.45
P/2013 TL117 (Lemmon)18-Feb-201416.03
C/2012 X1 (LINEAR)21-Feb-201411.46
294P/LINEAR26-Feb-201415.43
P/2007 H3 (Garradd)3-Mar-201417.30
52P/Harrington-Abell7-Mar-201412.56
P/2013 W1 (PANSTARRS)8-Mar-201418.70
C/2013 G7 (McNaught)18-Mar-201417.31
C/2002 R5 (SOHO)19-Mar-2014n.a.
290P/Jager20-Mar-201410.50
117P/Helin-Roman-Alu 127-Mar-201414.99
17P/Holmes27-Mar-201416.10
119P/Parker-Hartley2-Apr-201415.28
124P/Mrkos9-Apr-201416.98
P/2013 P5 (PANSTARRS)15-Apr-201421.18
156P/Russell-LINEAR16-Apr-201418.25
P/2002 S7 (SOHO)18-Apr-2014n.a.
C/2013 V1 (Boattini)21-Apr-201412.19
209P/LINEAR28-Apr-201410.25
191P/McNaught3-May-201418.39
134P/Kowal-Vavrova21-May-201413.16
4P/Faye29-May-201415.11
132P/Helin-Roman-Alu 229-May-201417.90
P/2005 JQ5 (Catalina)30-May-201417.90
P/2002 AR2 (LINEAR)31-May-201419.74
16P/Brooks 24-Jun-201416.31
181P/Shoemaker-Levy 66-Jun-201418.44
222P/LINEAR1-Jul-201417.74
C/2012 U1 (PANSTARRS)4-Jul-201419.18
106P/Schuster23-Jul-201416.61
P/2003 O3 (LINEAR)23-Jul-201419.12
193P/LINEAR-NEAT27-Jul-201417.53
C/2013 P4 (PANSTARRS)12-Aug-201419.16
C/2013 TW5 (Spacewatch)16-Aug-201418.59
P/2001 BB50 (LINEAR-NEAT)17-Aug-201419.39
206P/Barnard-Boattini17-Aug-201420.74
C/2012 K8 (Lemmon)19-Aug-201418.12
P/2011 S1 (Gibbs)20-Aug-201420.49
P/2008 Q2 (Ory)21-Aug-201417.86
C/2012 K1 (PANSTARRS)27-Aug-20146.10
289P/Blanpain28-Aug-2014n.a.
284P/McNaught31-Aug-201415.10
210P/Christensen6-Sep-201412.73
170P/Christensen15-Sep-201418.26
P/2008 J2 (Beshore)18-Sep-201415.72
C/2013 V5 (Oukaimeden)28-Sep-20141.79
11P/Tempel-Swift-LINEAR29-Sep-201417.69
P/2003 U3 (NEAT)5-Oct-201418.45
C/2013 V2 (Borisov)14-Oct-201417.28
32P/Comas Sola17-Oct-201415.06
70P/Kojima20-Oct-201416.80
108P/Ciffreo21-Oct-201417.50
C/2013 A1 (Siding Spring)25-Oct-20149.90
C/2013 U2 (Holvorcem)25-Oct-201418.09
80P/Peters-Hartley8-Nov-201414.24
C/2013 G3 (PANSTARRS)15-Nov-201417.74
40P/Vaisala 115-Nov-201415.30
269P/Jedicke18-Nov-201415.74
C/2013 P3 (Palomar)24-Nov-201418.79
P/2004 V1 (Skiff)1-Dec-201416.48
135P/Shoemaker-Levy 87-Dec-201416.35
110P/Hartley 317-Dec-201415.86
287P/Christensen17-Dec-201418.33
15P/Finlay22-Dec-201413.22
51P/Harrington-A27-Dec-201418.99

As usual, when reading this data it is important to keep in mind that the predicted brightness might not be accurate. In fact comets are highly dynamic bodies which might become extremely bright because of sudden, unforeseen, outbursts, or faint because of lack of nuclear activity.

According to current data, comet C/2013 V5 (Oukaimeden), is the most promising one, and should become quite bright in late september 2014, when it will pass perihelion at about 0.6 AU from the sun.

Comet 169P/NEAT will pass perihelion on Feb 12 2014, and visibility conditions should improve during beginning of March, in particular in the Northern emisphere, where it will be visible in the evenings, and will set a couple of hours after the sun.